Health and Fitness

Nutritional Value of Minerals and Vitamins for Premature Babies

Mineral requirements are very essential for the premature infant to supply essential elements responsible for metabolic processes and electrolyte balances as well as composite raw materials for systemic development, egg, and bone formation like in calcium.

Premature babies, especially those with a birth weight of less than 1,500g, don't have well developed renal sodium conservation mechanisms.

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Therefore, the very low salt concentrations of milk or of some commercial baby formulas designed for the ingestion of term babies lead to hypernatremia when milk milks are utilized as the sole source of sodium for tiny preterm infants.

Calcium and potassium

Adequate amounts of phosphorus and calcium for normal bone growth and mineralization are difficult to provide to small preterm infants. Because of this, osteopenia is a common feature in these infants, and a few develop rickets.

The commercial infant formulas designed for term infants and individual milk are more discrepant in phosphorus and calcium content, relative to fetal accretion rates, than at other mineral or nutrient content.

The formulas commonly utilized for term babies contain 44 to 52g/dL clacium, as well as the bone mineral content (BMC) by photon absorptiometry in preterm babies consuming those formulas is way below the normal fetal values.

There is proof that the special commercial infant formulas with additional phosphorus and calcium now available for preterm infants may cause postnatal bone growth and mineralization at fetal rates.

Overall growth and clinical status of the babies fed with these formulas are regular, and serum calcium and phosphorus concentrations are in the normal Selection